ARI: stands for Alpaca Registry, Inc. This registry is the “keeper” of the North American alpaca pedigree.
Accoyo: refers to an alpaca that has been bred at Estancia Accoyo (a ranch) in Peru.
Agist: To board your alpacas at another farm for a fee based on care
Beserk Female/Male: an alpaca that was coddled by humans and has no fear of them as adults
Body Score: The manual measurement of rating the alpaca’s weight. Use of hand on back should form a concave “v” or a 3 on the scale. A sharp angled “v” 1 to 2 on the scale indicates an underweight animal that many have a health problem. A flattened “v” a 4 to 5 on the scale indicates an overweight animal.
Cria: An alpaca or any camelid less than 1 year old
Crimp: The waves in huacaya alpaca fiber
Cush: Also seen as kush. The position when the alpaca folds its legs under its body to rest or keep warm. This is also the position for a receptive female for breeding.
Dam: The mother alpaca
Fiber: The alpacas “fur”, also called fleece or wool
Fleece: The alpaca’s fiber
Gelding: A male alpaca that has been castrated. Males are usually gelded between 18-24 months of age and helps to keep the fiber quality stable.
Guanaco: An endangered member of the camelid family, sometimes called the “wild llama”
Guard Hair: A coarse, “prickly” secondary fiber found in the camelid family.
Herdsire: The proven male alpaca used for breeding
Huacaya: A breed of alpaca known for their wooly crimped fleece. They make up approx. 85% fo the US population
Kush: Also seen as cush.The position when the alpaca folds its legs under its body to rest or keep warm. This is also the position for a receptive female for breeding.
Luster: The shine caused by the reflection of light off the Suri fiber.
Lock: The grouping of Suri fiber. Can be divided into 5 types: wave & twist, pencil, pearl, curl, and straight.
Maiden: A female alpaca that has not given birth to a cria.
Micron: a measurement used to measure fiber diameter and describe fiber fineness. A micron is equal to 1/25,000 of an inch
Orgle: The mating sounds made by males before and during breeding
Parasite: May be internal or external. This is a “bug” that may warrant medical treatment of the alpaca.
Prime Fleece: The blanket portion of the alpacas fleece which is usually the best fiber on the alpaca
Proven: An alpaca which has successfully produced live offspring
Roving: A narrow, cylindrical strip of processed fiber ready to be spun into yarn
Shearing: Removing the alpacas fiber with electric or hand shears – done annually
Sire: father alpaca
Staple: An independent cluster of individual fibers
Staple Length: The length of shorn alpaca fiber
Suri: A breed of alpaca recognized for silky twisted locks of fleece with luster. Make up approx. 15% of the US population.
Vicuna: Wild camelid ancestor of the alpaca in South America with the most luxurious fiber of all animals